ISRO Chandrayaan-3: India’s Lunar Mission to Moon [Info]

by | 13 Jul, 2023 | Space

With the objective to show full capabilities in safe landing and driving on the lunar surface, Chandrayaan-3 is a continuation mission to Chandrayaan-2. It is configured with Landers and Rovers. LVM3 will launch out of SDSC SHAR at Sriharikota.

The lander and rover combination will be propelled by the propulsion module up to a 100-kilometer lunar orbit. To examine the spectral and Polarimetric data of Earth from the lunar orbit, the propulsion module is equipped with the Spectro-Polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload.

India’s space program has been making remarkable strides in recent years, with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at the forefront of technological advancements. Following the success of Chandrayaan-2, which placed an orbiter and lander on the lunar surface, the anticipation for Chandrayaan-3 has been building up. In this article, we will delve into the launch of Chandrayaan-3 and explore the details surrounding this highly anticipated mission.

The Chandrayaan-3 Mission: An Overview

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is an ambitious endeavor by ISRO to build upon the advancements made during the previous lunar missions. It aims to further explore the moon’s surface and expand India’s scientific knowledge in the realm of lunar research. Building upon the successes and lessons learned from Chandrayaan-2, this upcoming mission is expected to be a significant step forward for India’s lunar exploration efforts.

Objectives of Chandrayaan-3

The primary objective of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is to deploy a lunar lander and rover on the moon’s surface successfully. This will facilitate extensive research and analysis of the moon’s composition, geology, and potential resources. The mission aims to enhance our understanding of the moon’s origin and evolution, providing valuable insights into the history of our solar system.

Launch Date of Chandrayaan-3

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the lunar mission Chandrayaan-3 of India will launch on July 14 at 2:35 pm IST from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. ISRO is known for its meticulous planning and thorough testing, ensuring the utmost precision and success in each mission.

The Importance of Chandrayaan3 Mission

The Chandrayaan-3 mission holds immense significance for India and the global scientific community. Its successful completion will further establish India as a frontrunner in the field of space exploration and showcase the nation’s technological prowess. The mission will also contribute to humanity’s collective knowledge of the moon, pushing the boundaries of lunar research and paving the way for future missions to other celestial bodies.

LVM3-M4/CHANDRAYAAN-3 [Mission Details]

Chandrayaan-3, India’s third lunar exploration mission is ready to take off in the fourth operational mission (M4) of the LVM3 launcher.

ISRO is crossing new frontiers by demonstrating a soft landing on the lunar surface by its lunar module and demonstrating roving on the lunar terrain. It is expected to be supportive of ISRO’s future interplanetary missions.

Additionally, the deployment of rover and in-situ scientific experiments will scale new heights in lunar expeditions by deploying Rover. Yes, ISRO is bringing the Moon closer to us.

Chandrayaan-3 Payloads

NameFull FormObjectives
Lander PayLoads
RAMBHA-LPRadio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive Atmosphere and Ionosphere – Langmuir ProbeTo measure the near surface plasma (ions and electrons) density and its changes with time.
ChaSTEChandra’s Surface Thermophysical ExperimentTo carry out the measurements of thermal properties of lunar surface near the polar region.
ILSAInstrument for Lunar Seismic ActivityTo measure seismicity around the landing site and delineating the structure of the lunar crust and mantle.
Rover Payloads
 APXSAlpha Particle X-Ray SpectrometerTo derive the chemical composition and infer mineralogical composition to further enhance our understanding of lunar surface.
LIBSLaser Induced Breakdown SpectroscopeTo determine the elemental composition (Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca,Ti, Fe) of lunar soil and rocks around the lunar landing site.
Propulsion Module
SHAPESpectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet EarthAn experimental payload to study the spectro-polarimetric signatures of the habitable planet Earth in the near-infrared (NIR) wavelength range (1-1.7 μm).
Chandrayaan-3 Payloads Details

Major Specifications of Chandrayaan-3

ParameterPropulsion ModuleLander ModuleRover
Lunar Polar OrbitFrom 170 x 36500 km to lunar polar orbit
Mission lifeCarrying Lander Module & Rover upto ~100 x 100
km launch injection. Subsequently, operation of
experimental payload for a period of 3 to 6 months.
1 Lunar day (14 Earth days)1 Lunar day
Mass2145.01 kg1723.86 Kg26 kg
CommunicationS-Band Transponder (TTC) – with IDSNISDN, Ch-2 Orbiter, RoverLander

758 W, Summer solistices and with bias738 W50 W
Landing site Location69.367621 S, 32.348126 E
SensorsCASS, IRAP, Micro star sensorLaser Inertial Referencing and Accelerometer Package (LIRAP),
Ka-Band Altimeter (KaRA),
Lander Position Detection Camera (LPDC),
LHDAC (Lander Hazard Detection & Avoidance Camera), Laser Altimeter (LASA),
Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV),
Lander Horizontal Velocity Camera (LHVC),
Micro Star sensor,
Inclinometer & Touchdown sensors
Landing Touchdown specsVertical velocity: ≤ 2 m / sec
Horizontal velocity: ≤ 0.5 m / sec
Slope:  ≤ 12 deg
Dimensions (mm3)2000 x 2000 x 1166917 x 750 x 397
Chandrayaan-3 Mission Specifications

LVM3-M4 Vehicle

The ISRO’s operational heavy lift launch vehicle, LVM3, has a remarkable track record of success six mission in a row. The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft will be launched on this, LVM3’s fourth operational mission, into Geo Transfer Orbit (GTO).

LVM3 has demonstrated its adaptability to carry out the most difficult missions, including:

  • Deploying several satellites
  • Planned maneuvers for reorientation and velocity augmentation to maintain a safe gap between separated satellites.
  • Execute expeditions to other planets in many orbits (LEO, MEO, GEO).
  • The biggest and heaviest launch vehicle in India is used to transport satellites for both domestic and foreign customers.

The 2nd Launch Pad (SLP), the SDSC, and the SHAR will be used to launch LVM3-M4.

Collab Efforts & International Partnerships

ISRO recognizes the importance of collaboration and has been actively engaging in international partnerships to bolster its space program. The Chandrayaan-3 mission presents an opportunity for ISRO to collaborate with other space agencies and institutions globally. These collaborations enable the sharing of resources, knowledge, and expertise, fostering a stronger and more interconnected global space community.

Key Technological Advancements

The Chandrayaan-3 mission incorporates several key technological advancements to enhance its capabilities and improve mission success. These advancements include upgrades in landing systems, rover capabilities, and scientific instruments, among others. By leveraging cutting-edge technologies, ISRO aims to overcome previous challenges and achieve unprecedented breakthroughs in lunar exploration.

Challenges and Future Prospects

Lunar missions are inherently complex, and the Chandrayaan-3 mission is no exception. The challenges involved in landing on the moon, exploring its surface, and performing scientific experiments necessitate meticulous planning and execution. However, overcoming these challenges will pave the way for future lunar missions, contribute to technological advancements, and inspire the next generation of scientists and engineers.

Chandrayaan-3 Mission Live Telecast

We can watch the live of Chandrayaan-3 Mission from ISRO official YouTube channel. Mark the timer as Live telecast will starts in 2pm IST And Chandrayaan-3 will fly with LVM3-M4 Vehicle at 2:35pm IST from Sriharikota.

Chandrayaan-3 Mission Live – ISRO Official


The launch of Chandrayaan-3 marks a significant milestone in India’s space program. This mission symbolizes the nation’s relentless pursuit of scientific excellence and its commitment to expanding human knowledge. There is no doubt that Chandrayaan-3 will further elevate India’s stature in the field of space exploration.


What is the purpose of Chandrayaan-3?

Chandrayaan-3 aims to deploy a lunar lander and rover on the moon’s surface for extensive research and analysis of lunar composition, geology, and resources.

When is the launch date for Chandrayaan-3?

Friday, 14 July 2:35 pm IST from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota , launch date for Chandrayaan-3 India’s Lunar Mission 2023.

Why is Chandrayaan-3 important for India?

Chandrayaan-3 holds immense significance for India as it showcases the nation’s technological advancements and establishes it as a frontrunner in space exploration.

What are the key technological advancements in Chandrayaan-3?

Chandrayaan-3 incorporates upgrades in landing systems, rover capabilities, and scientific instruments to enhance its capabilities and improve mission success.

What are the challenges involved in the Chandrayaan-3 mission?

Lunar missions present challenges in landing, exploring the moon’s surface, and conducting experiments. Overcoming these challenges will contribute to future lunar missions and technological advancements.

When will Chandrayaan-3 reach moon’s orbit?

Between August 3 and 5, Chandrayaan-3 will enter lunar orbit and continue its journey.

When will Chandrayaan-3 land on moon?

On August 23 and 24, it will make an attempt to touch down. Its mission life is one lunar day (14 Earth days), during which it will investigate the less-explored south pole of the Moon.

Will Chandrayaan-3 have orbiter?

The orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 is working till now, so now this time Chandrayaan-3 has a propulsion module, lander, and rover are the three spacecraft components that make up the Chandrayaan-3 project. The lander and rover will go to the moon. This module establishes a parking orbit of 100 km in diameter around the moon rather than touching down there.

Propulsion module purpose in Chandrayaan-3

The orbiter of working till now, so Chandrayaan-3 has a propulsion module which can be called the vehicle of Chandrayaan 3 in space that will help to reach to moon’s orbit. It has lots of space and technology(SHAPE) which finds the habitual planet from the moon’s orbit.

Chandrayaan-3 lander touchdown on the moon

around August 23 or 24, it will make an attempt to touch down.

Chandrayaan-3’s journey to moon

The expected duration of Chandrayaan-3’s travel is 42 days when Chandrayaan reaches to moon’s surface.

Is Chandrayaan-3 mission successful or failed?

This time ISRO has improved itself from previous Chandrayaan-2 mission mistakes, so this time Chandrayaan-3 will definitely succeed.

Chandrayaan-3 rover name?

Chandrayaan-3 rover’s name is PRAGYAAN as same to previous mission of chandrayaan-2. PRAGYAAN (Chandrayaan-3 rover) life is one lunar day means 14 Earth days.

Also Read: ISRO: An Insight into India’s Space Agency


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